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03/09/2023 ABU SHAHMA Awareness Views 211 Comments 0 Analytics Video English DMCA Add Favorite Copy Link
Child marriage in India refers to the practice of marrying children, typically those below the age of 18 for girls and 21 for boys, before they are legally considered adults. While child marriage is illegal in India, it continues to persist in many parts of the country due to various social, economic, and cultural factors. Here are some key points about child marriage in India:

Prevalence: Child marriage remains a significant issue in India, particularly in rural and economically disadvantaged communities. Despite legal reforms and efforts to combat the practice, it continues to affect a substantial number of children.

Legal Framework: India has enacted several laws to address child marriage, including the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (2006), which sets the legal minimum age for marriage at 18 for girls and 21 for boys. Violators of this law can face penalties, including imprisonment.

Causes: Child marriage is driven by a complex interplay of factors, including poverty, lack of education, traditional and cultural beliefs, and gender inequalities. Families may marry off their children at a young age due to economic constraints or to secure their future.

Consequences: Child marriage can have severe consequences for the health, education, and overall well-being of the children involved, particularly girls. Early pregnancy and childbirth can lead to various health risks, including maternal mortality. It can also hinder girls access to education and economic opportunities.

Efforts to Combat Child Marriage: The Indian government, along with various NGOs and international organizations, has been working to combat child marriage. These efforts include awareness campaigns, promoting girls education, providing support to at-risk communities, and strengthening the legal framework.

Challenges: Despite legal restrictions, enforcement of laws against child marriage can be challenging, especially in remote or marginalized areas where these practices are deeply ingrained in the culture. Social pressure and lack of reporting also contribute to the persistence of child marriage.

International Perspective: India is a signatory to international agreements like the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which call for the elimination of child marriage as part of broader efforts to promote gender equality and protect childrens rights.

Its important to note that while progress has been made in reducing child marriage rates in India, the practice still exists, and addressing it requires continued efforts from government agencies, civil society organizations, and the community as a whole. Education and awareness campaigns are crucial in changing attitudes and behaviors related to child marriage.

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